Others include ‘Durobby’ , ‘Coolamon’ & ‘Rose Apple’. These watermelon trees are the perfect raw treat to take any function, especially at Christmas time. lanatus) and citron melons (Citrullus lanatus var. Watermelon is a flowering plant that is vine-like and whose fruits are not fruits nor vegetables but berries (so-called “pepos”) which are also called watermelons. The 'Golden Midget' has a golden rind and pink flesh when ripe, and takes 70 days from planting to harvest. A woman who smuggled cocaine in a watermelon which she disguised as a baby bump has been arrested in Brazil. Giant trees like the cypress tree or life tree or juniper tree or the Oriental plane tree are huge, rigid, and evil men. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 18:15. Scientific Name: Citrullus lanatus' Black Diamond'. Many cultivars are no longer grown commercially because of their thick rind, but seeds may be available among home gardeners and specialty seed companies. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties . Reply. [45], Watermelon is a sweet, commonly consumed fruit of summer, usually as fresh slices, diced in mixed fruit salads, or as juice. It flowers on the trunk and branches rather than the extremities, and once you see the flowers it is easy to work out why it is called the Watermelon Tree. This watermelon was produced in Taiwan in the 1970s, as a result of hybridization between a male Chinese melon and a female American Midget melon. The Watermelon family name was found in the USA in 1880. Watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus) is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine -like flowering plant originally domesticated in Africa. [7] Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. These melons are produced on a long vine, and so they require a good deal of space to grow, with a deep soil where their roots can extend. staging tips. Sugar Baby melons are round, and have a glossy, smooth, dark green rind, with subtle veining. These melons can be round or oval-shaped, with bright red flesh. You love watermelon, especially as a refreshing treat to beat the summer heat, but is it any good for you? One icebox watermelon would provide enough fruit to feed one person, or for a snack for a small family. The inner flesh is firm and dark pink and has small dark brown pips embedded in it. It takes about 90–100 days from planting to harvest. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf. C. colocynthis (L.) Schrad. other services. Its adaptability meant it could be grown over a wide geographical area. [49] In Vietnamese culture, watermelon seeds are consumed during the Vietnamese New Year's holiday, Tết, as a snack. Unusually for a watermelon plant, this vine is drought-tolerant and will survive short periods of time in dry soil. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Ensure eight to ten feet of space between these plants, give them a spot with plenty of sunlight, and ensure their soil is kept continually moist when flowers are produced. [17], In the 7th century, watermelons were being cultivated in India, and by the 10th century had reached China, which is today the world's single largest watermelon producer. These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. [16] Watermelons were cultivated for their high water content and were stored to be eaten during dry seasons. It is cultivated for cattle feed.[2]. [29] Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. It has recently regained popularity, mostly due to its interesting rind. These plants are commercially popular, as they produce a high yield of fruit, and they transport well. Three discussions in Cucurbitaceae. ex Eckl. It has small white seeds within the fruit flesh that are edible, so these can be ignored when consuming the melon. [46][47] Watermelon juice can be blended with other fruit juices or made into wine. These melons grow on medium-sized vines that can extend to up to 12 feet long. She jokes it was her green thumb that drove the watermelon up the tree. It is commonly consumed as a juice or as an ingredient in mixed beverages. It is not a form of the sweet watermelon C. vulgaris and not closely related to that species. Watermelons don’t grow on trees, they grow on vines which have evolved to creep along the ground, collecting nutrients to grow the melons from the surrounding area by putting down roots from the growing stem. They need a fertile, well-draining soil, which has a high organic content. Matsum. It has a thin, light and dark green striped rind, and sweet white flesh with black seeds. These watermelons perform best in consistently moist soil and would benefit from a drip irrigation system to ensure the soil is not allowed to dry out. Turn it over. [2], A small-fruited form with a bumpy skin has caused poisoning in sheep. They need to be provided with even soil moisture and fertilized regularly. var. The resulting watermelon has vibrant yellow flesh, which is crisp and sweet and has thin skin. This has been achieved through the use of triploid varieties, but these are sterile, and the cost of producing the seed by crossing a tetraploid parent with a normal diploid parent is high. Try these curated collections . [11] The bitter wooly melon was formally described by Carl Peter Thunberg in 1794 and given the name Momordica lanata. Around the same time, Native Americans were cultivating the crop in the Mississippi valley and Florida. Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids, including lycopene. Wisconsin had the highest population of Watermelon families in 1880. They take 87 days to reach maturity and grow to weights of between 20 and 40 pounds. The result, in 1954, was "that gray melon from Charleston". It spread northwards through southern Europe, perhaps limited in its advance by summer temperatures being insufficient for good yields. This watermelon was produced in Taiwan in the 1970s, as a result of hybridization between a male Chinese melon and a female American Midget melon. In June 2008, one of the first harvested watermelons was sold at an auction for 650,000 yen (US$6,300), making it the most expensive watermelon ever sold. The more than 1200[30] cultivars of watermelon range in weight from less than 1 kilogram (2 1⁄4 pounds) to more than 90 kg (200 lb); the flesh can be red, pink, orange, yellow or white. The Moors introduced the fruit into the Iberian Peninsula and there is evidence of it being cultivated in Córdoba in 961 and also in Seville in 1158. The fruits are oval and uniform in shape, with a thick rind that has dark and light green striping. Georgia, Florida, Texas, California and Arizona are the United States' largest watermelon producers, with Florida producing more watermelon than any other state. The good smell of a tree is the good reputation of the man whom the tree alludes to. Scientific Name: Citrullus lanatus 'Tiger Baby'. [54], The amino acid citrulline is produced in watermelon rind. These are no longer grown to any great extent, but their lineage has been further developed into hybrid varieties with higher yields, better flesh quality and attractive appearance. [26] Pyramid-shaped watermelons have also been developed and any polyhedral shape may potentially be used. [4], Today, farmers in approximately 44 states in the United States grow watermelon commercially. Their vines are tender and should not be planted until all risk of frost has passed. These melons typically range in weight from around 6 to 16 pounds. Watermelons are a delicious fruit that is refreshing and sweet and are perfect to be enjoyed ice cold on a hot summer day. In conditions of high humidity, the plants are prone to plant diseases such as powdery mildew and mosaic virus. for 1+3, enter 4. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. English version", "Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database", "Vegetable Research & Extension Center – Icebox Watermelons", "Black Japanese watermelon sold at record price", "Florida produces more watermelon than any other state", "Watermelon production in 2017, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Production of mixed fruit (pawpaw, banana and watermelon) wine using Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from palm wine", "Oklahoma Declares Watermelon Its State Vegetable", "Determination of citrulline in watermelon rind", "CBC News – Health – Watermelon the real passion fruit? ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Watermelon&oldid=991369640, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The fruit had begun appearing in European herbals by 1600, and was widely planted in Europe in the 17th century as a minor garden crop. The white to yellow flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. However, it will perform best in moist soil and particularly needs plenty of moisture while producing flowers and setting fruit. Fruits! Watermelons are plants grown in climates from tropical to temperate, needing temperatures higher than about 25 °C (77 °F) to thrive. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. First. The tree overladen with fruit symbolizes a man known for his largesse. Watermelons spawn in the Jungle on horseshoe-shaped bushes behind the Banana patch, where it is not slippery and steep, but can be only collected while it rains. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. The leaves are large, coarse, hairy pinnately-lobed and alternate; they get stiff and rough when old. The flower is the Tweed Shire Council’s floral emblem. There are many types and maybe a few hundred thousands of commercial names of watermelon around the world. [15] Watermelon seeds were also found in the Dead Sea region at the ancient settlements of Bab edh-Dhra and Tel Arad. This was 100% of all the recorded Watermelon's in the USA. Major pests of the watermelon include aphids, fruit flies, and root-knot nematodes. Scientific Name: Citrullus lanatus 'Millionaire'. It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1836, under the replacement name Citrullus vulgaris, by the German botanist Heinrich Adolf Schrader. It can grow well in cool climates. Lift it up. Seedless watermelons also tend to have far fewer seeds than seeded varieties. ), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) It produced high yields and was resistant to the most serious watermelon diseases: anthracnose and fusarium wilt. The watermelon should be very heavy for its size. Seeded watermelons contain large, hard, seeds, which can be pale brown or dark brown-black in color. This is a popular variety of watermelon, known for its reliably sweet flavor. 2017. All plants which are List of Trees, basically have different names in different languages.As these names vary from region to region, scientists came up with one single name for all plants, which are called scientific names. [2], This is Linnaeus's sweet watermelon; it has been grown for human consumption for thousands of years. This requires planting pollinizer rows of varieties with viable pollen. [12] It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Jinzō Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai. This product is Vegan In order to purchase edibles, Florida medical marijuana card patients will need to contact their doctor to have their recommendations updated in the registry, this can take up to 24 hours to appear after approval. This seedless watermelon is able to go from seed to edible fruit in just 85 days, making it a fairly short season plant, especially suitable for growing in cooler climates where the warm months don't stretch out as long as those in the south. They require at least six hours of sun each day, but a position of full sun will result in a better yield. The large fruit is a kind of modified berry called a pepo with a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp). When I first saw these a few years back, thanks to my gorgeous and creative sister-in-law, I fell in love with them on the spot. 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